Heat is removed during normal power operation by generating steam in the reactor vessel and then using that steam to generate electrical energy. When the reactor is shutdown, the core will still continue to generate decay heat. The heat is removed by bypassing the turbine and dumping the steam directly to the condenser. The shutdown cooling mode of the residual heat removal (RHR) system is used to complete the cooldown process when pressure decreases to approximately 50 psig. Water is pumped from the reactor recirculation loop through a heat exchanger and back to the reactor via the recirculation loop. The recirculation loop is used to limit the number of penetrations into the reactor vessel.