Canada plans to enter a civilian nuclear agreement with Kazakhstan, home to 12 percent of the world's uranium deposits and an ambitious fuel cycle industry.Azerbaijani newspaper AzerNews reported Monday that the agreement will be signed in Kazakhstan during a first-ever visit by Canada's foreign minister this week. Agreements on the peaceful use of nuclear energy between nations typically lay out diplomatic expectations regarding nonproliferation, nuclear safety and other issues. They often precede additional treaties and agreements that lead to trade in nuclear technology and services.Next year, Canada's Cameco will begin a feasibility study on a 6,000-tonne-per-year uranium conversion facility at the Ulba Metallurgical Plant, according to the World Nuclear Association. The company also owns 60 percent of Kazakhstan's Inkai uranium mine. Pending the study's findings, a joint venture between Cameco and state-controlled Kazatomprom could begin construction of the conversion equipment in 2018.Kazakhstan holds the world's second largest uranium reserves, AzerNews reported. The country's mines accounted for more than 36 percent of the word's uranium production in 2012, according to the WNA. Kazakhstan also signed an agreement with Areva in 2008 to build a new fuel fabrication facility at Ulba. Bolstered by demand from China's rapidly expanding reactor fleet, Kazatomprom aims to supply up to one-third of the world's fuel fabrication market by 2030.
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